OPENING BIDS

     
Follow the links in the table below for a fuller definition  of each opening bid , their responses & rebids.

Note: Third hand openings can be lighter and a bid suit shorter! - see 3rd-hand-openings - regular openings listed below will otherwise always apply

Concerning Choice of Suit Opening with any 5-5 or better in 2 suits of      , the following rules apply (subject to any detail given in the links):
Please also see notes at end of this page for 3rd hand openings.

  BID         LENGTH                     NATURE             HCP / LTC Continuations

<
1 2+
Natural    forcing in principal
12+    /     <=7 1/2 LTC may be passed only if no major and 0-4 HCP. Negative is 1N 5-9, 1S  (9)10+  a +ve Neg! 2 10+ 4+cards;
2 10+ 5+ cards; 3minor pre-empts
1 5+ Natural    non-forcing 11+     /     <=8 LTC  5+ Cards
Priority response: lowest 4+ card Major; 2 10+ 4+cards; 3mi pre-emptive; 2   (9)10+ 4+cards; 1N 5-9HCP
1 5+ OR
4-4 in Majors
Natural    non-forcing 10+5.5 to 7.5 LTC. 1 mandatory response with 4+ cards; 2mi 4+card (9)10+; 1N 5-9; x limit raises 4+ cards. DGR, SWISS, 2N Baron
1 5+ Natural    non-forcing 10+ < 2opening. As for 1 except limit raises: 2: 2+, 3 3+, 4 4+ cards min..   With <4 cards an A|K|Q  is required. DGR, SWISS, 2N: Baron   
1NT
BALANCED no void or singleton allowed
Natural   non-forcing 12-14 <=7LTC  7-8(9)minor cards may contain a 4 card Major, 4th position: 11-14. No S or V. Major transfers, Rubinsohl.
2 BALANCED Natural   Forcing
23+ HCP first response shows controls
2D denies holding either an A or a K
with A=2 & K=1: 2H shows 1or 2; 2S shows 3 or 4; 2N 5+. With intervention the 4 steps become: PASS, *|**, NEXT, NEXT+1. Continuations are in a Q&A style
2 Unbalanced
15+ <=3 1/2 LTC Contains a 5+ card suit. denies 5-5  unless S+C or D+C
2 Unbalanced Forcing
5-9 HCP    &   6 card Major
2 BALANCED Forcing 19-20  HCP / Balanced, May contain a 5  card   major.
2 Unbalanced Forcing 4-7LTC, 5-5 or better with  Club -Heart OR  Diamond-Spade
2♥| Unbalanced non-forcing
4-5  LTC/  5+card major/4+card minor. 5422 minimum hands are discouraged
2 Unbalanced
non-forcing
4-5 LTC 16+ HCP  5+ Major & 4 Card 2nd suit
OR 6+ card Major + distribution values
2NT
BALANCED non-forcing 21-22.  May contain a 5  card major
3 2-suited: Both red suits
5-5 or better
<=7 LTC
3 2-suited: Both majors
5-5 or better
<=7 LTC
3♥| Pre-empt
non-forcing   (6)7+ card suit
3NT
gambling
PASS or 4C
  Solid 8 card minor
4+♣| Pre-empt non-forcing  (7)8+ card suit distributional & pre-emptive
4♥| Pre-empt non-forcing  (7)8+ card suit distributional - to play
5| Pre-empt non-forcing   8+ card suit distributional


4N
pre-emptive: Both minors - 5-5 or better
Forcing in principal to 5mi
5♣|    response required

In all cases of pre-emptive bids, give appropriate attention to LTC & vulnerability.

3rd Hand Openings


Some relaxations are permitted. See 3rd Hand openings.

4th Hand Openings

1NT Opening is relaxed to 11-14 HCP Balanced distribution as given above